Man-Made Oasis Change and Its Effects On the Hydrological Regime of the Aksu River Basin

Collection Location Perpustakaan Pusat Penelitian Geoteknologi - LIPI Contact Detail
Edition
Call Number 556 YAN c
ISBN/ISSN 9781907161216
Author(s) Suxia Liu
Chun Zhang
Shouhong Zhang
Xingguo Mo
Subject(s) China
Water consumption
VIP distributed eco-hydrological model
Man-made oasis
Index
The Aksu River
Classification 556
Series Title Cold Regions Hydrology in a Changing Climate
GMD Buku_Teks
Language English
Publisher IAHS Press
Publishing Year 2011
Publishing Place Oxford
Collation Hlm. 191-197
Abstract/Notes By carefully classifying the NDVI spatial information retrieved from MODIS 13 over the Aksu Basin (China) into seven categories based on fractional vegetation cover, with a careful division of the whole study region (WS) into man-made sub-region (MMS) and natural sub-region (NS), and with special consideration of the seasonal difference between summer and winter, a new index, called the man-made oasis index (MMOI), to describe the extent of man-made oasis (EMMO), is proposed. It is expressed as the linear weighted combination of the area ratio of each class from III to VI to the total area, with the higher the class number the higher the weight. The reason to choose classes from III to VI is that in winter they can be only found in MMS. MMOI in winter in MMS shows an increasing trend over the last 10 years, which matches well with the increase of EMMO found from the documented study. A transfer function between MMOI in winter in MMS and EMMO is then proposed to calculate EMMO based on MMOI. As paddy field was only found located in MMS, evapotranspiration over the paddy field (ETP) simulated by the VIP distributed eco-hydrological dynamic model was chosen as the rate representative of water consumption by man-made oasis (WCMMO) per unit of EMMO. WCMMO is then calculated yearly based on the ETp information multiplied with EMMO based on the index MMOI. The simulated results of yearly WCMMO are useful in exploring the effects of the oasis on the hydrological regime of the Aksu River.
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